Macroregion Eastern Poland comprises five voivodeships: warmińsko-mazurskie, podlaskie, lubelskie, świętokrzyskie and podkarpackie. All of them are characterized by the lowest GNP per capita both in Poland and in the European Union countries- 25 (less than 40% of the EU average GNP per capita, which at present amounts to about EUR 24,800).
Eastern Poland covers 31,6% of the country’s area. It is characterized, among others, by a low investment rate and a slight flow of foreign investments. It results, first of all, from poor economic and social infrastructure, insignificant absorptivity of the market and insufficient activity of the voivodeships in attracting investors and promotion of export.
Macroregion Eastern Poland has five neighbours. To the north it is bordered by Russia and Lithuania, to the mid-west by Belarussia, to the south-west by Ukraine, and to the south by Slovakia.The Polish neighbouring voivodeships are: pomorskie to the north-west, kujawsko-pomorskie, mazowieckie and łódzkie to the west, and śląskie and małopolskie to the south. It is the eastern border of the European Union and the Schengen Zone.