According to The World Bank’s report, Poland is the leader in the logistics industry in Central and Eastern Europe. Before the economic slowdown in 2008, Poland recorded a growth of 12-14% per year.
The logistics industry has recorded re-growth since 2010, in many cases, exceeding the rates before the general economic slowdown. This is particularly the storage industry – in the end of the third quarter of 2010, area of modern warehouses in Poland exceeded 6.2 million m².
Eastern Poland, with its frontier position, has the chance to become a major transhipment platform for Central and Eastern Europe.
The development of the logistics industry depends primarily on road infrastructure, which in a macroregion is developing rapidly. Most of the roads meet the needs associated with the running of investment and economic activity, both in terms of throughput, as well as surface durability and load capacity of bridges and overpasses to the maximum mass of the vehicles used by the carriers. According to data from The General Inspectorate for National Roads and Highways, in Eastern Poland roads are maintained in a good condition, however, most of them require modernization. In accordance with the plans, the decade, which started in 2011, will be a period of unprecedented growth. In result, the level of road infrastructure in the macroregion will not be significantly different from the average balance for the EU till 2020. The technical condition of Network Rail Infrastructure also do not differ significantly from the national average. The region is dominated by not electrified, standard gauge railway. The exception is the Świętokrzyskie Priovince – over 75% of electrified infrastructure.
Although, the density of the railway network within the macroregion is significantly lower than in western and northern parts of the country, it meets the needs of business. This network connects virtually all major urban and industrial centers in macro-region. There are sections ticketed only for freight traffic. All centers have specialized freight stations, allowing for efficient loading and unloading of goods of all types, including liquid and gaseous fuels and containers. The largest cities of macroregion have generally more than one goods station. Railway line No. 65 also called Broad Technology Line (LHS), which is connecting the border crossing in Hrubieszów with the railway station in Sławków (30 km from Katowice), is really important for development of the sector. Through the Ukrainian LHS railway system has a direct connection with The Trans-Siberian Railway. This allows to create the pan-European land transport corridors between Europe and Asia. The main railway routes (Rail Baltica, II and III Pan-European Corridor) are gradually being modernized and eventually passenger trains will be able to move at a speed of 160 km/h and the commodity trains at a speed of 120km/h. In addition, in border stations, there are several modern terminals, enabling efficient transhipment of goods between trains of wide track and standard wagons.
The Eastern Poland Macroregion is the border of the Schengen area and The European Economic Area (EEA). An essential element, which conduces foreign trade, is specialized customs agency, which the region is tens of. These agencies offer customs clearance for export, import and transit; fulfillment of Carnet-TIR and CMR; organizing additional documents, such as certificates of origin, EUR.1 certificates, consulting, applications and appeals in customs matters; continued cooperation with warehouses and bonded warehouses; and also assistance on arranging transport. Their activity is supported by a relatively dense network of public and private customs warehouses.
In Eastern Poland the most important are storage areas. Leading companies of Macroregion realize large investments associated with their development. Most stores will be built in the vicinity of Rzeszów and Lublin, it may be due to a favorable location. In the macroregion there are many industrial warehouses for lease in various types, size and destination. Warehouses are equipped with specialized loading and transport equipment, such as rail cranes with a capacity of several tons. They are often located near transport routes and industrial areas. Rent of 1m² of warehouse in the macroregion is in the range of 10-18 PLN/m² gross.
Companies can also use the services of specialized operators, offering a comprehensive outsourcing of logistics services, supply chain management, etc. The TSL market in Poland in this regard is highly developed, it operates dozens of large and medium-sized operators (mostly with foreign capital), specialized in transport, forwarding and warehousing services. These companies, through having the necessary background and experience, can provide the appropriate level of service.
Eastern Poland Macroregion is, and everything indicates that for many years, will be a great place for the development of the logistics sector. It will be conduced by a systematic modernization of road and rail transport routes and industrial investment. According to the regional aid map, the investors in Eastern Poland can count on getting the highest possible level of EU support. They could receive support from various sources to 50% of eligible costs for a new project (in the case of small and medium business support can be increased to 70% and 60%).